Glossary

Term Description
ADN What does ADN mean?
European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Inland Waterways. This is the European implementation of the UN Transport of Dangerous Goods Model regulations for Inland Waterways.
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ADR What does ADR stand for?
European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road. This is the European implementation of the UN Transport of Dangerous Goods Model regulations for Road.
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Article What is an Article?
An object whose shape, surface or design determines its function more so than its chemical composition. Examples of articles include a battery, a car and a mobile phone.
ATP (Adaption to Technical Progress) What does ATP mean?
The European regulatory documents which update the CLP regulations.
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Biocide What is a Biocide?
A product that contains at least one active substance intended to destroy, deter, or exert control over a harmful organism by non-physical means.
BPD (Biocidal Product Directive) What does BPD mean?
Repealed Directive 98/8/EC covering the requirements when placing biocidal products on the market. This has now been replaced by the BPR.
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BPR (Biocidal Product Regulation) What does BPR mean?
EU regulation 528/2012 covering the sale, registration, advertisement and labelling of biocidal products.
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Candidate List What is the Candidate List?
A list of chemical substances meeting criteria to qualify as a Substance of Very High Concern (SVHC) and the first stage of ECHA’s Authorisation process.
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CCA (Chemicals Control Act) What is CCA?
CCA is the Korean Chemicals Control Act, which came into force on 1st January 2015. Alongside K-REACH, it divided Korea’s existing Toxic Chemicals Control Act (TCCA) into two separate pieces of legislation. CCA focuses on the control of hazardous substances and response to chemical accidents.
CHIP What are the CHIP Regulations?
The Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply) Regulations 2002. This was the UK legislation under which chemicals were classified and labelled. CHIP was repealed with the introduction of the CLP Regulation and no longer has legal effect.
CLP What is CLP?
EU Regulation 1272/2008 relating to the classification, labelling and packaging of chemical products. This is the legal EU implementation of GHS.
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CMRs What are CMRs?
CMRs are substances/mixtures that are classified as either Carcinogenic, Mutagenic or Reprotoxic (a reproductive toxin).
Competent Authority What is a Competent Authority?
In relation to chemical legislation, this is often the organisation through which the regulations are implemented and enforced. In the UK, Health & Safety Executive (HSE) are the competent authority that implements the many EU regulations surrounding Health & Safety.
Concentration Limit What is a Concentration Limit?
The concentration at which a substance will trigger a hazard classification in a mixture.
CSA (Chemical Safety Assessment) What does CSA mean?
The process of identifying and describing the conditions under which the manufacture and use of a substance is considered to be safe. This is required as part of the REACH registration process.
CSR (Chemical Safety Report) What does CSR mean?
The report that documents the findings of the chemical safety assessment, which is undertaken as part of the REACH registration process.
Cut Off Point What is a Cut Off Point?
The threshold above which a substance is considered “relevant” for inclusion in the hazard calculation for a mixture.
Detergent What is a Detergent?
Chemical products that contain soaps and/or other surfactants intended for washing or cleaning.
DGN (Dangerous Goods Note)  What is a DGN?
A transportation document that provides details on the contents of the shipment to the carriers and the forwarders.
DGSA (Dangerous Goods Safety Adviser) What does DGSA mean/what is a DGSA?
An individual with specialist training appointed by a company to monitor and ensure regulatory compliance with the transport of dangerous goods regulations in the EU and produce required reports.
Chemical Distributor What is meant by the term ‘Chemical Distributor’?
A company or individual who sources chemicals from within the EEA, and stores and places chemicals on the market (either for someone else or under your own brand) either as a substance on its own or in a preparation for third parties.
DMEL (Derived Minimal Effect Level) What does DMEL mean?
The DMEL is the level of exposure below which the risk levels of cancer become tolerable. Exposure levels below the Desired Minimal Effect Level are judged to be of low concern.
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level) What does DNEL mean?
The DNEL is the level of exposure to a chemical substance above which humans should not be exposed. REACH identifies a Derived No Effect Level for substances, and manufacturers and importers are required to calculate the DNEL as part of their Chemical Safety Assessment (CSA) for any chemicals used in quantities of 10 tonnes or more per year. This information is then to be published in the manufacturer’s Chemical Safety Report (CSR).
Downstream User What is a Downstream User?
Company or individual other than an importer or manufacturer who uses chemicals.
ECHA (European Chemicals Agency) Who are the ECHA?
ECHA are the European agency that enables companies to comply with the European chemical regulations by providing help and advice.
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EINECS (European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances) What is EINECS?
The European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances is a list of “existing substances” that were available on the EU market between 1st January 1971 and 18th September 1981. Substances listed in EINECS are considered to be phase in substances under the REACH Regulation. Whilst additions cannot be made to this list, it is still available for reference.
ELINCS (European List of Notified Chemical Substances) What is ELINCS?
The European List of Notified Chemical Substances, which lists substances which were notified under NONS that became commercially available after 18th September 1981. These substances are considered to be already registered under the REACH Regulation. Whilst additions cannot be made to this list, it is still available for reference.
EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) What is the EPA?
The EPA is a United States government agency, created on 2nd December 2nd 1970 for the purpose of protecting human health and the environment. EPA are the agency responsible for administering the TSCA legislation.
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ES (Exposure Scenario) What is an ES (Exposure Scenario)?
A document that outlines safe conditions for the manufacture and use of a substance during its life cycle.
ESDS (Extended Safety Data Sheet) What is an ESDS?
A safety data sheet that includes annexed information such as Exposure Scenarios or SUMIs.
European Commission Who are the European Commission?
The EU’s executive body responsible for implementing and managing European policies and budgets. This is the official source of European chemical legislation.
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Formulator What is a Formulator?
A person or company who manufactures mixtures.
GHS (Globally Harmonised System) What does GHS mean?
The UN framework/standards covering classification, labelling and safety data sheets for chemical products. This is not a legal text and requires implementation using local legislation.
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Hazard Category What is meant by the term ‘Hazard Category’?
The division of criteria within each hazard class e.g. acute toxicity 1/2/3/4
Hazard Class What is meant by the term ‘Hazard Class’?
The nature of the physical, health or environmental hazard e.g. acute toxicity or skin sensitiser.
HSE (Health and Safety Executive) Who are the HSE?
Health and Safety Executive are a UK Competent Authority that implement the many EU regulations regarding health and safety.
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IATA (International Air Transport Association)  Who are IATA?
The International Air Transport Association is the trade association for the world’s airlines. They produce the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations, which are the global reference regulations on the transportation of dangerous goods by air.
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IBC (Intermediate Bulk Container)  What is an IBC?
An IBC is a reusable industrial container designed for the transport and storage of bulk chemicals. The most common size of an IBC is 1,040 litres (275 US liquid gallons), though they are often listed as being 1,000 litres.
ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organisation)  Who are ICAO?
The International Civil Aviation Organisation are a UN agency who manage the administration and governance of the Convention on International Civil Aviation. They release technical instructions on the transport of dangerous goods by air, which is the only legal source material on this subject.
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IMDG (International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code)  What is IMDG?
Regulations covering the provisions needed to transport dangerous goods by sea.
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Chemical Importer What is meant by the term ‘Chemical Importer’?
A person or company who is responsible for importing goods.
Intermediate What is an Intermediate?
Any chemical substance produced during the conversion of some reactant to a product. A mixture chemical record for that intermediate can be used as an ingredient in the formulation for another mixture in GHS Professional.
Jurisdiction What is meant by the term ‘Jurisdiction’?
A single or collection of markets/countries that abide by the same GHS implementation e.g. Europe/US/China
K-REACH (Korea REACH) What is K-REACH?
K-REACH is the Act on the Registration and Evaluation of Chemicals, which came into force on 1st January 2015. It is South Korea’s version of REACH, and alongside the Chemicals Control Act (CCA) it divided Korea’s existing Toxic Chemicals Control Act (TCCA) into two separate pieces of legislation. K-REACH focuses on the registration and evaluation of substances.
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Language What is meant by the term ‘Language’?
The language in which the resultant document is written. A country may require documents in multiple languages e.g. Canada requires both French and English SDSs/labels.
Chemical Manufacturer What is meant by the term ‘Chemical Manufacturer’?
A person or company who manufactures a substance.
Market What is meant by the term ‘Market’?
In GHS Professional this is used interchangeably with country e.g UK/France/US. A jurisdiction can contain either a single (US – US) or multiple markets (EU – UK/France etc.)
Chemical Mixture What is a Chemical Mixture?
A product that contains at least 2 or more substances, and its hazard classification can be based on data or calculation.
Multiplication Factor (M-Factor) What is an M-Factor?
This is applied to the concentration of a substance classified as aquatic acute 1 or aquatic chronic 1 as a mark of the severity of the hazard. It is then used in the calculation to determine the overall classification of a resultant mixture.
NLP (No Longer Polymers) What are NLPs?
A list of substances commercially available between 18th September 1981 and 31st October 1993 which were previously considered to be polymers (and so not listed on EINECS) but lost their polymer status following the introduction of a new polymer definition in 1993. These are considered to be phase in substances under the REACH Regulation. Whilst additions cannot be made to this list, it is still available for reference.
Non Phase In Substance What is a Non Phase In Substance?
Any substances not covered by the definition of a phase in substance. They do not benefit from the transitional registration period provided for phase in substances and need to be registered before they can be manufactured, imported or placed on the market in the EU at a quantity of 1 tonne per annum or more, unless they have already been registered under ELINCS.
NONS (Notification of New Substances) What is NONS?
The Notification Of New Substances Regulation 67/548/EEC. This was replaced by REACH from 1st June 2008, with any substances notified under NONS being transferred to REACH and regarded as being already registered.
PBTs What are PBTs?
PBTs are substances/mixtures that are classified as Persistent, Bioaccumulative and Toxic. They are persistent in the environment, bioaccumulate in people and/or wildlife, and are of high toxicity.
Phase In Substance What is a Phase In Substance?
A chemical substance which is to be ‘phased in’ to the REACH Regulation. They are either current EINECS substances, substances manufactured in the EU but not placed on the market before REACH came into effect on 1st June 2007, or NLP (no longer polymer) substances. All of these substances must have been pre-registered between 1st June 2008 and 30th November 2008 to benefit from the transitional registration period provided for phase in substances, otherwise they will be treated as non phase in substances.
PNEC What does PNEC mean?
The PNEC is the concentration of a chemical substance in any environment below which adverse effects will most likely not occur during long term or short term exposure. PNEC values are intended to be conservative and predict the concentration at which a chemical will likely have no toxic effect.
Pseudo Substance What is a Pseudo Substance?
A substance that contains a series of impurities that may affect the hazard classification. The classification will be calculated in a manner similar to a mixture, but the resultant SDS will be that for a substance.
REACH What is REACH?
EU regulation 1907/2006 covering the registration, evaluation, authorisation and restriction of chemicals. This is the EU regulation that covers the requirements and format of the SDS.
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REACH Dossier What is a REACH Dossier?
A registration dossier required for applicable substances under the REACH regulations.
RID What is RID?
Appendix C of the Intergovernmental Convention for International Carriage by Rail (COTIF), which covers the transport of dangerous goods by rail.
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SDS/MSDS (Material/Safety Data Sheet) What is an SDS (sometimes referred to as MSDS)?
A 16 section document that is required as part of the GHS/REACH regulations to communicate information about the nature of a chemical product.
SIEF (Substance Information Exchange Forum) What is SIEF?
Group of stakeholders that have all pre-registered the same substance within REACH. The aim of the group is to share information before submitting a joint REACH registration.
Chemical Substance What is meant by the term ‘Chemical Substance’?
In GHS Professional this is a record which has its own defined, criteria-based hazard classification.
SUMI (Safe Use of Mixture Information) What is a SUMI?
Document developed by downstream user groups to pass on safe use information to end users.
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Surfactant What is a Surfactant?
A substance which lowers the surface tension of a liquid in which it is dissolved.
SVHC (Substance of Very High Concern) What is an SVHC?
A chemical substance that has been proposed for authorisation under the REACH regulation.
SWED (Sector-Specific Worker Exposure Description) What is a SWED?
Document used to determine the conditions of safe use for a classified mixture.
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TCCA (Toxic Chemicals Control Act) What is TCCA?
TCCA is the Korean Toxic Chemicals Control Act, which came into force on 2nd February 1991, with the purpose of the act to prevent any risk caused by chemicals to human health. On 1st January 2015 TCCA was divided into two separate pieces of legislation – K-REACH and the Chemicals Control Act (CCA).
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Toxicology What does Toxicology mean?
Toxicology concerns the adverse effects of chemicals on living organisms. The toxicological information regarding a chemical product can be found in Section 11 of its Safety Data Sheet (SDS).
Treated Article What is a Treated Article?
A chemical substance, chemical mixture or article that intentionally contains, or has been treated with, a biocidal product but the biocidal action is not the primary function of the product.
TSCA What is TSCA?
TSCA is an American law administered by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which regulates the introduction of new or already existing chemicals. The Act provides the EPA with the authority to require reporting, record-keeping and testing requirements, as well as restrictions relating to chemical substances and/or chemical mixtures.
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